"चिरई" की अवतरण में अंतर

2,991 बाइट्स जोड़ल गइल ,  4 years ago
taxobox
(taxobox)
{{Automatic taxobox
|name = Birds
| fossil_range = <br/>[[Late Cretaceous]] - [[Holocene|Present]],<ref name=divergence/> {{Fossil range|85|0}}
<imagemap>
File:Bird Diversity 2013.png|300px
rect 0 0 333 232 [[Red-crested turaco]]
rect 0 232 333 470 [[Steller's sea eagle]]
rect 0 696 333 470 [[Mandarin duck]]
rect 0 928 333 700 [[Southern cassowary]]
rect 0 1160 333 930 [[Gentoo penguin]]
rect 0 1392 333 1160 [[Bar-throated minla]]
 
rect 666 0 333 232 [[shoebill]]
rect 666 232 333 470 [[grey crowned crane]]
rect 666 696 333 470 [[Anna's hummingbird]]
rect 666 928 333 700 [[rainbow lorikeet]]
rect 666 1160 333 930 [[grey heron]]
rect 666 1392 333 1160 [[Eurasian eagle-owl]]
 
rect 999 0 333 232 [[white-tailed tropicbird]]
rect 999 232 333 470 [[common peafowl]]
rect 999 696 333 470 [[Atlantic puffin]]
rect 999 928 333 700 [[American flamingo]]
rect 999 1160 333 930 [[blue-footed booby]]
rect 999 1392 333 1160 [[keel-billed toucan]]
</imagemap>
|image_caption = Examples of various avian orders.
Row 1: [[Red-crested turaco]], [[shoebill]], [[white-tailed tropicbird]]<br />Row 2: [[Steller's sea eagle]], [[grey crowned crane]], [[common peafowl]]<br />Row 3: [[Mandarin duck]], [[Anna's hummingbird]], [[Atlantic puffin]]<br />Row 4: [[Southern cassowary]], [[rainbow lorikeet]], [[American flamingo]]<br />Row 5: [[Gentoo penguin]], [[grey heron]], [[blue-footed booby]]<br />Row 6: [[Bar-throated minla]], [[Eurasian eagle-owl]], [[keel-billed toucan]]
|taxon = Aves
|display_parents = 1
|authority = [[Carl Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], [[10th edition of Systema Naturae|1758]]<ref>{{cite web| url= http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/TaxonTree.aspx?id=80129&tree=0.1| title=Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Class Aves | accessdate=11 June 2012 | last=Brands | first=Sheila | date=14 August 2008 | work=Project: The Taxonomicon }}</ref>
|subdivision_ranks = Extant [[Order (biology)|Orders]]
|subdivision =
* Infraclass [[Palaeognathae]]
*** [[Struthioniformes]]
*** [[Rheiformes]]
*** [[Tinamiformes]]
*** [[Casuariiformes]]
*** [[Apterygiformes]]
* Infraclass [[Neognathae]]
** Superorder [[Galloanserae]]
*** [[Galliformes]]
*** [[Anseriformes]]
** Superorder [[Neoaves]]
*** [[Phoenicopteriformes]]
*** [[Podicipediformes]]
*** [[Columbiformes]]
*** [[Mesitornithiformes]]
*** [[Pteroclidiformes]]
*** [[Apodiformes]]
*** [[Caprimulgiformes]]
*** [[Cuculiformes]]
*** [[Otidiformes]]
*** [[Musophagiformes]]
*** [[Opisthocomiformes]]
*** [[Gruiformes]]
*** [[Charadriiformes]]
*** [[Gaviiformes]]
*** [[Procellariiformes]]
*** [[Sphenisciformes]]
*** [[Ciconiiformes]]
*** [[Suliformes]]
*** [[Pelecaniformes]]
*** [[Eurypygiformes]]
*** [[Phaethontiformes]]
*** [[Accipitriformes]]
*** [[Strigiformes]]
*** [[Coliiformes]]
*** [[Leptosomiformes]]
*** [[Trogoniformes]]
*** [[Bucerotiformes]]
*** [[Coraciiformes]]
*** [[Piciformes]]
*** [[Cariamiformes]]
*** [[Falconiformes]]
*** [[Psittaciformes]]
*** [[Passeriformes]]
| synonyms =
* Neornithes <small>Gadow, 1883</small>
}}
'''चिरई''', चिड़िया या पक्षी (अंग्रेजी: [[:en:Bird|Bird]]) एगो दू गो पैर वाली, आ पाँख (पंख) वाली, अंडा देवे वाली जंतु हवे<ref name="ReferenceA">[[सालिम अली]], The Book of Indian Birds, 13th ed., Bombey Natural History Society (BNHS), Oxford Press. 2003 ISBN 9780195665239 ISBN 0195665236, (pp. xviii)</ref> जेवन उड़ सकेलिन (कुछ प्रजाति के छोड़के)। ई एगो रीढ़ वाली आ गरम खून वाली जंतु हवे जेवना की शरीर के तापमान बाहर के वातावरण से बहुत प्रभावित ना होला।<ref name="ReferenceA"/> तापमान के एह संतुलन खातिर इन्हन के शरीर पाँख (feather) से ढँकल रहे ला।
 
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