साउथ आइलैंड चाहे ते वाइपोनामू is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 वर्ग किलोमीटर (1.61929×1012 वर्ग फु)[1] and is influenced by a temperate climate.

साउथ आइलैंड
ते वाइपोनामू
Nickname: दी मेनलैंड
Coordinates43°59′S 170°27′E / 43.983°S 170.450°E / -43.983; 170.450निर्देशांक: 43°59′S 170°27′E / 43.983°S 170.450°E / -43.983; 170.450
Area150,437 किमी2 (58,084 वर्ग मील)
Area rank12th
Length840 km (522 mi)
Coastline5,842 km (3630.1 mi)
Highest elevation3,754 m (12316 ft)
Pop. density7.5/km2 (19.4/sq mi)

As it has a 32% larger landmass than the North Island, it is sometimes referred to as the "mainland" of New Zealand, especially by South Island residents; however, only Formatting error: invalid input when rounding% of New Zealand's Formatting error: invalid input when rounding million inhabitants live in the South Island. In the early stages of European (Pākehā) settlement of the country, the South Island had the majority of the European population and wealth due to the 1860s gold rushes. The North Island population overtook the South in the early 20th century, with 56% of the population living in the North in 1911, and the drift north of people and businesses continued throughout the century.[2]

  1. "Quick Facts - Land and Environment : Geography - Physical Features". Statistics New Zealand. 2000. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  2. King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand. Auckland: Penguin Books. pp. 280–281. ISBN 978-0-14-301867-4.

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