इस्तांबुल याँ इस्ताम्बुल (अंगरेजी: Istanbul; तुर्की: İstanbul [isˈtanbuɫ]) तुर्की देस के सभसे बड़हन शहर बा। एकर सभसे बड़ा बिसेसता ई बा की ई यूरोपएशिया दुनों महादीपन पर बिस्तार लिहले बाटे। एकर आर्थिक क्रिया वाला अधिकतर क्षेत्र यूरोप वाला हिस्सा में बाटे आ जनसंख्या के ढेर मात्रा एशिया वाला हिस्सा में रहे ले।[7]एकर जनसंख्या 144 लाख बा आ ई यूरोप के सभसे बड़ा शहर हवे आ पूरा दुनिया में ई पांचवा नंबर पर बाटे।[4] शहर के कुल क्षेत्रफल 5,343 वर्ग किलोमीटर (2,063 वर्ग मील)[नोट 2] बाटे आ ई बास्पोरस जलडमरू की दुनों ओर स्थित बाटे।

Istanbul
İstanbul
The Bosphorus Bridge connecting Europe and Asia
Hagia Sophia
Maiden's Tower
Ortaköy Mosque
Nostalgic tram on İstiklal Avenue
Galata Tower
Levent at night
Clockwise from top: the Bosphorus Bridge connecting Europe and Asia; Maiden's Tower; a nostalgic tram on İstiklal Avenue; Levent business district; Galata Tower; Ortaköy Mosque in front of the Bosphorus Bridge; and Hagia Sophia
Official logo of Istanbul
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Istanbul
Location within Turkey
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Istanbul
Location within Europe
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Istanbul
Location within Asia
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Istanbul
Istanbul (पृथिवी)
Coordinates: 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.01361°N 28.95500°E / 41.01361; 28.95500निर्देशांक: 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.01361°N 28.95500°E / 41.01361; 28.95500
Country Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Istanbul
Provincial seat[नोट 1] Cağaloğlu, Fatih
Districts 39
Government
 • Type Mayor–council government
 • Body Municipal Council of Istanbul
 • Mayor Ekrem İmamoğlu (CHP)
 • Governor Ali Yerlikaya
Area
 • Urban
2,576.85 किमी2 (994.93 बर्गमील)
 • Metro
5,343.22 किमी2 (2,063.03 बर्गमील)
Highest elevation 537 m (1,762 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2021)[4]
 • Metropolitan municipality 15,840,900
 • Rank 1st in Turkey
 • Urban
15,514,128
 • Urban density 6,021/किमी2 (15,590/बर्गमील)
 • Metro density 2,965/किमी2 (7,680/बर्गमील)
Demonym(s) Istanbulite
(तुर्की: İstanbullu)
Time zone UTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
34000 to 34990
Area code(s) +90 212 (European side)
+90 216 (Asian side)
Vehicle registration 34
GDP (Nominal) 2019[5]
 - Total US$ 237 billion
 - Per capita US$ 15,285
HDI (2019) 0.846[6] (very high) · 1st
GeoTLD .ist, .istanbul
Website ibb.istanbul
www.istanbul.gov.tr
ऑफिशियल नाँव Historic Areas of Istanbul
पैमाना Cultural: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
संदर्भ 356bis
इंस्क्रिप्शन 1985 (9वाँ सेशन)
एक्स्टेंशन 2017
रकबा (एरिया) 765.5 हे (1,892 एकड़)

नोटसंपादन

  1. Where governor's office is located.
  2. Sources have provided conflicting figures on the area of Istanbul. The most authoritative source on this figure ought to be the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (MMI), but the English version of its website suggests a few figures for this area. One page states that "Each MM is sub-divided into District Municipalities ("DM") of which there are 27 in Istanbul" [emphasis added] with a total area of 1,538.9 वर्ग किलोमीटर (594.2 वर्ग मील).[8] However, the Municipal History page appears to be the most explicit and most updated, saying that in 2004, "Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality's jurisdiction was enlarged to cover all the area within the provincial limits". It also states a 2008 law merged the Eminönü district into the Fatih district (a point that is not reflected in the previous source) and increased the number of districts in Istanbul to 39.[9] That total area, as corroborated on the Turkish version of the MMI website,[10] and a recently updated Jurisdiction page on the English site[11] is 5,343 वर्ग किलोमीटर (2,063 वर्ग मील).

संदर्भसंपादन

  1. "YETKİ ALANI". Istanbul Buyuksehir Belediyesi. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  2. İstanbul Province = 5,460.85 km²
    Land area = 5,343.22 km²
    Lake/Dam = 117.63 km²
    Europe (25 districts) = 3,474.35 km²
    Asia (14 districts) = 1,868.87 km²
    Urban (36 districts) = 2,576.85 km² [Metro (39 districts) – (Çatalca+Silivri+Şile)]
    * According to the size of the population and the status of megacity, the limits of the Istanbul city correspond to the limits of the province, and the province is treated like as the metropolitan-city of Istanbul.
  3. "İstanbul'un En Yüksek Tepeleri". Hava Forumu. Hava Durumu Forumu. 15 April 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2021". Turkish Statistical Institute. 31 December 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  5. "Kişi başına GSYH ($) (2019)". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  6. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org.
  7. WCTR Society; Unʼyu Seisaku Kenkyū Kikō 2004, p. 281
  8. "Districts". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 21 दिसंबर 2011.
  9. "History of Local Governance in Istanbul". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 21 दिसंबर 2011.
  10. "İstanbul İl ve İlçe Alan Bilgileri" [Istanbul Province and District Area Information] (in Turkish). Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  11. "Jurisdiction". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 21 दिसंबर 2011.

संदर्भ ग्रंथसंपादन