मदद:वार्ता पन्ना के पुरालेख बनावल

(मदद:Archiving a talk page से अनुप्रेषित)

It is customary to periodically archive old discussions on a talk page when that page becomes too large. Bulky talk pages may be hard to navigate, contain obsolete discussion, or become a burden for users with slow Internet connections or computers. Notices are placed at the beginning of the talk page to inform all editors of an archive.

Regular articles are not archived because previous versions may be seen in the page history; the practice of archiving is particular to talk pages and noticeboards, which often swell to great length. Archiving one's own user talk page is optional; some users simply blank the page, as the history is kept available for future reference, but this is not considered the best practice (as it makes things more difficult to find and link). For this specific case, the use of "permalinks" can provide an easy way to display an archived view of a talk page at a given moment, though there's no control on thread organization or presentation.

The talk page guidelines suggest archiving when the talk page exceeds 75 KB (or 75,000 bytes), or has multiple resolved or stale discussions. However, when to archive, and what may be the optimal length for a talk page, are subjective decisions that should be adapted to each case. For example, ongoing discussions and nearby sections they reference should generally be kept intact.

There may be circumstances where it would be useful to keep older discussions present on a talk page, to avoid the same issues being repeatedly raised. However, this situation can be better addressed by use of the {{FAQ}} template.

Subpage archive method संपादन करीं

The preferred method for archiving a talk page is to copy the older content to a series of subpages. This can be performed either by hand or automatically by a bot.

There are two common methods of naming archive pages. The most common, and easiest, is sequentially numbered archives. Archive pages should be named as follows: take the name of the talk page, and add "/Archive #", where "#" is the number of the archive. Note that the word Archive has a capital A, there is a space before the number, and there are no leading zeros. Templates like {{Archive list}} rely on this naming convention to automatically find the archive pages.

For example:

  • The 20th archive of Talk:Earth would be named Talk:Earth/Archive 20
  • The first archive of User talk:Example would be named User talk:Example/Archive 1

The second common method of naming archive pages is by year and month. With this method archive pages are typically named Talk:YourPage/Archives/2013/June, Talk:YourPage/Archives/2013/July, etc. Some things are more complex with this method of naming. When using this naming scheme the subpages should use /Archives/ not /Archive/ as some of the navigation templates rely on Archives being plural.

Remember to use the correct namespace – the part before the colon (:) – when archiving your own user talk page. It should start with "User talk:", not "Talk:".

Cut and paste procedure संपादन करीं

Simplified procedure for archiving
  1. Edit the talk page, copying material you wish to archive to your computer's clipboard.
  2. Create an archive by searching for "User talk:username/Archive N" where N is the lowest whole number for which no archive exists. Your archive will be the N-th archive.
  3. Searching should say that this page does not exist. Click the provided link to create/start it.
  4. Paste the clipboard contents into this archive and add {{Talk archive}} to the top and bottom of the code. Publish the new archive.
  5. Delete copied material from main talk page with edit summary mentioning the name of the new archive.
  6. If an archive box doesn't already exist on the main talk page, add the line {{Archives|auto=yes|search=yes}} below the WikiProject tags and publish. (This will not be necessary if the main talk page already contains the line {{Talk header}}, since this template automatically contains a list of archives).

That is it, you are finished!

Step-by-step procedure संपादन करीं

  1. Click on the Edit source tab for the talk page you wish to archive.
  2. In the edit box, highlight all the text you want to archive, right-click (Windows/Linux) or control-click (Mac) and then select cut (also Ctrl+X, ⌘ Cmd+X for Mac). The text will then be copied to your clipboard. Any WikiProject header templates should remain on the main talk page and should not be cut and pasted to an archive page.
  3. While still in the edit window, make a link to the archive name you plan on creating – you can link directly to a subpage by putting a slash (/) in front of it.
    • If you're making a topical archive, use the name of the topic, for example [[/Place of birth debate]].
    • If you're just archiving old discussion, use the next available number; so if the last archive page was Archive 3, call it [[/Archive 4]].
    • If there are no archives yet, call it [[/Archive 1]].
    • Archive links can be conveniently placed in an archive template (How to do this is described in the archive box section below)
  4. Click Publish changes. (It's helpful to include an Edit summary like "Archiving old material".) You should now have a page of recent discussion with a red link to your archive at the top.
  5. Open the newly created subpage by clicking the red link. Paste the old discussions from your clipboard into the edit box.
  6. Add {{Talk archive}} to the top and bottom of the page. This adds a notice explaining that the page is an archive, and links back to the main talk page.
  7. If this is a numbered archive, you can add a navigation template to make it easier to navigate through to other numbered archives. See the section navigation templates below.
  8. Publish changes. You have now created an archive.

Semi-automated procedure संपादन करीं

Archy McArchface is a userscript designed to simplify the above manual procedure. Instead of manually copying and pasting the text, this script allows you to simply check which sections you wish to archive and specify a page to archive the selected sections to.

There are many options for customizing how and when archives are created, and how they are navigated. Some of the more popular ones are detailed below.

Navigation templates संपादन करीं

If the archive page is a numbered archive page ("Archive #" where # is the number of the archive), you can add a navigation template to make it easier to navigate through to other numbered archives.

  • {{Archive navigation}} needs the archive number as a parameter – for example {{Archive navigation|3}} on Archive 3.
  • {{Archive nav}} similar to the above, but a dynamic list of links, – for example {{Archive nav|33}} on Archive 33.
  • {{Talk archive navigation}}, adds navigation features to the standard notice.
  • {{Talk header}} contains an automatically appearing archive list and archive search box, if numbered archives exist (e.g. /Archive 1, /Archive 2, ...)

Archive boxes संपादन करीं

On regularly archived talk pages, it is useful to have an "archive box" template. Common usage is to place the archive box below other header templates and before the first section heading so that the box appears to the right of the table of contents. If the page already has a manual archive box, add the link to the new archive page to it. If there is no archive box yet, you may want to set one up. If you have a very large number of archives (such as Talk:Main Page) you may want to see how that page uses a separate subpage to list the archives.

generates a floating box for archive links. It has a significant number of options. The auto option causes the box to automatically find your archive page list. If auto=yes or auto=short the links are shown as "1, 2, 3". If auto=long the links are shown as "Archive 1, Archive 2, Archive 3"). There are also options which show a search field, permit the box to collapse/expand, start the box collapsed/expanded, etc. Both the arguments and functionality are a superset of {{Archive box}} (below) as {{Archive box}} calls {{Archives}}. The code used to generate the example to the right is:
{{Archives |auto=yes |search=yes |title=[[Help:Archiving a talk page|Archives]] ([[{{#titleparts:{{TALKPAGENAME}}|1}}/Archive index|index]]) |bot=ClueBot III |age=90 }}
generates a floating box for archive links. It calls {{Archives}} (above) with some parameters non-existent or renamed. As with {{Archives}}, if you want to specify explicit archive links just place your link(s) as a parameter, for example {{Archive box|[[/Archive 1]]}} as the first unnamed parameter. Multiple archives can be named, linked and labeled in various ways. See the example archive box to the right. Provided the archives are in the precise format of "Archive numbered-sequence", the list can be generated automatically using {{Archive box | auto=yes }} or {{Archive box | auto=long }} (for details see Automatic links). Both the arguments and functionality of this template are very similar to {{Archives}}. The wiki code used for the example box is (for details see the template page):
{{Archive box |search=yes |title=[[Help:Archiving a talk page|Archives]] ([[{{#titleparts:{{TALKPAGENAME}}|1}}/Archive index|index]]) |bot=MiszaBot III |age=90 |[[/Old page|Old page]] <br /> [[/Archive 1|Archive 1]] <br /> [[/Archive 2|Archive 2]]}}
If you would rather have the archive pages found automatically the following code would be equivalent:
{{Archive box |auto=yes |search= yes |title=[[Help:Archiving a talk page|Archives]] ([[{{#titleparts:{{TALKPAGENAME}}|1}}/Archive index|index]]) |bot=MiszaBot III |age=90 |collapsible=yes|[[/Old page|Old page]]}}
In the above example you still need the unnamed parameter |[[/Old page|Old page]] because that page does not have a name in a format which is automatically found.
There are a large number of options for both {{Archives}} and {{Archive box}}. The example to the right demonstrates the collapsible=yes option which provides the ability to be partially hidden. It is possible to start out in the hidden state with collapsed=yes. The automatically found numbered archive names can be shown as long names by using auto=long. If an archive box is displayed in a talk namespace it is usually displayed with the standard talk page color scheme. If it is displayed in a non-talk namespace it uses the standard color scheme for article space. The style option can be used to change the color scheme along with any other parameter specified in the string of CSS you assign.
is a visual modification of {{Archive box}}, which generates a collapsed box that can be opened with a click. It works with the same parameters as {{Archive box}}. See the example to the right. Detailed instructions are on the template page. This template is a bit redundant as the other templates support collapsible and collapsed forms through the use of collapsible=yes and collapsed=yes. The code for this example is:
{{Archive box collapsible|box-width=238px|
*[[/Archive. Old page|Old page]]
*[[/Archive 1|Archive 1]]
*[[/Archive 2|Archive 2]]}}

Automatic archive boxes for numbered archives संपादन करीं

All of {{Archives}}, {{Archive box}} and {{Archive box collapsible}} can automatically list links to archives. Automatic archive detection is usually enabled using the auto parameter which can be set to any of: short, long, yes, or no. Automatic archive page detection is usually limited to numbered archives in the format /Archive 1, /Archive 2, etc.). Instructions are on the respective template pages.

One example is {{Archive box|auto=yes}}. It will automatically create an archive box of links to archive pages named /Archive 1, /Archive 2, etc. Archives with other names can be added within the first unnamed parameter.

Instead of an archive box, {{Archive banner}} displays a banner across the page. As with the archive box templates it can have links to the archives (automatic or manual), have an archive search box, be collapsible, etc.

Archive indexing संपादन करीं

Having an archive index makes finding old discussions on a given topic easier, particularly in pages with many archives, or when the archives are of considerable size. An archive index, when one exists, is typically stored on the page Talk:YourPage/Archive index. While it is possible to generate an index by hand, the /Archive index page is normally generated automatically. There are two bots which automatically create indexes: Legobot and ClueBot III.

Legobot, formerly HBC Archive Indexerbot, can create an archive index page based on a set of archives. See the bot's instructions for details on how to set up archive indexing. Legobot generated archive indexes are the most commonly available type of index. To set up Legobot archiving you have to create your Talk:YourPage/Archive index page and need to place:
<!-- Legobot can blank this -->
on top of the index page. The following is a Legobot configuration that works with numbered archives which you can place on the page you are archiving:

Example Legobot configurations
Numbered archives Archives/Year/Month
{{User:HBC Archive Indexerbot/OptIn
|target=/Archive index
|mask=/Archive <#>
{{User:HBC Archive Indexerbot/OptIn
|target=/Archive index

ClueBot III automatically creates an archive index when archiving. ClueBot III stores the archive indexes it creates on unique pages in its user space. The archive index for the page you are archiving can be transcluded onto your Talk:YourPage/Archive index page by putting the following text in that page:
{{User:ClueBot III/Master Detailed Indices/{{NAMESPACE}}: {{BASEPAGENAME}}}}

Archive searching संपादन करीं

If there are several archives, it is easy to search them all at once using the optional search parameter prefix. For example, suppose we want to begin a discussion about adding a security section to the Linux article. Before bringing up the topic we can do the following search: security prefix:Talk:Linux/. This will look in all the subpages of the Linux article in its Talk namespace.

The templates {{Archives}}, {{Archive box}}, and {{Talk header}} have a parameter search=yes which provides a helpful search box on the talk page to automate searching, as do independent search templates such as {{search archives}}. It is recommended that when a page is archived, such a template be put on the surviving talk page to simplify access to past discussions.

Continuing discussions संपादन करीं

It is difficult to say exactly when a discussion "ends" and when it is continuing. Given that archived discussions are immutable, archiving a discussion effectively ends that particular discussion. When reopening a discussion is desired, links to archived discussions can be provided in the new discussion thread.

Here are actual discussion pages on Wikipedia where you can study the code to see how archive pages were created.

  • Talk:Psychokinesis has a simple archive box with a search field.
  • Talk:Jesus has a mixture of numbered and topical archives. It also includes a summary of recently archived discussions.
  • Talk:Main Page has many numbered archives. The archives are listed on a separate subpage and transcluded.

Other procedures for archiving संपादन करीं

Other procedures were once considered equal options with the procedure described above. Over time both methods fell out of use and are generally not used. If you have used the page move procedure those pages do not qualify for speedy deletion by user request.

इहो देखल जाय संपादन करीं